In the meantime, informal exploratory discussions have begun with the foreign government. Trade agreements contain not only timetables for specific concessions on both sides, but also general provisions to prevent discrimination, ensure fair treatment and guarantee detailed concessions. Before the intent is negotiated, the State Department must be satisfied that there are sufficient bases to reach an agreement to make it likely to succeed. It must ensure that the other government is prepared to negotiate on an unconditional basis that is most favoured; that it is prepared to end any discrimination against U.S. trade with respect to tariffs, quotas, currency allocations, import permits and, in all respects, and that it wishes to negotiate the removal of excessive barriers to trade between the two parties. Finally, it is worth briefly mentioning how trade policy was coordinated within the Clinton administration. President Clinton took office with the goal of strengthening international economic policy through the creation of a new coordinating body in the White House. Despite numerous lawn battles, variations in management styles and structures, and limited resources, the National Economic Council has developed a viable and effective model for integrating competing considerations that go into international economic policy and coordinating the various institutional actors. The quality of the process and participants helped to ensure general logic and coherence between policies, to strengthen the voice of policy makers throughout the decision-making process, and to increase the visibility of trade issues. During the administration, representatives of the international business community became a political development body that contributed to the development of policy recommendations and the monitoring of consistent implementation. And at the director level, coordination has developed over time as a shared responsibility between national and economic advisors for national security, in close coordination with the Chief of Staff. Morocco was the first country in the Middle East to conclude negotiations for a free trade area with the United States under the mefta strategy and the agreement was implemented on 1 January 2006.
Negotiations between the United States and Morocco began in 2003, when King Mohammad of Morocco visited President Bush. Morocco was an early logical goal, as it was one of the first Islamic states to denounce the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and to declare their solidarity with the American people in the war against terrorism. In addition, Morocco is a relatively stable and liberal Arab-Muslim nation. Trade and foreign policy have been linked throughout history, with foreign policy often designed to promote trade interests. In the 3rd century BC, during the Han Dynasty, China used its military power to preserve the Silk Road for its trade value. In 30 BC, Rome conquered much of Egypt to have a better supply of grain. In the 18th century, the British East India Company conducted British foreign policy in South Asia on the basis of British commercial interests. In the mid-19th century, trade dominated the thinking of the U.S. government in its relations with East Asia. Commodore Perry sailed to Japan in 1853-54 to open this market to American trade, and eleven years later, the United States entered into Wangxia`s contract with China to support trade.