Countries can either reduce or avoid double taxation by granting a tax exemption for income from foreign sources, or a foreign tax credit (FTC) for taxes from foreign sources. A DBA (double taxation agreement) may require that the tax be levied by the country of residence and that it be exempted in the country where it is created. In other cases, the resident may pay a withholding tax on the country where the income was collected and the taxpayer receives a compensatory tax credit in the country of residence to take into account the fact that the tax has already been paid. In the first case, the taxpayer (abroad) would declare himself non-resident. In both cases, the DBA may provide for the two tax authorities to exchange information on these returns. Because of this communication between countries, they also have a better view of individuals and businesses trying to evade or evade tax.  Most Russian double taxation conventions contain provisions relating to stable establishment status that allow foreign companies to operate in various forms in that country. Under this status, foreign companies can benefit from advantageous tax conditions. Within the European Union, Member States have concluded a multilateral agreement on the exchange of information.  This means that they will provide each (its counterparts in the other jurisdiction) with a list of persons who have applied for exemption from local taxation because they are not established in the state where the income is generated.
These people should have declared that foreign income in their own country of residence, so any difference suggests tax evasion. Currently, Russia has signed contracts with 79 countries, 78 of which have been imposed. Russia has also signed other treaties that are still being ratified. Here is the list of signatory countries: Algeria, Austria, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belarus, Brazil, Bulgaria, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Canada, Cuba, Cuba, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Luxembourg, Greece, Hungary, France, Iceland, India, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Kyrgyzstan , Rwanda, Netherlands, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Romania, Philippines, Poland, Slovenia, Portugal, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Switzerland, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, UNITED Kingdom, UNITED States, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam.